Municipal Soild Waste Source Reduction and Extended Producer Responsibility Project 2014
英文關鍵字 Source Reduction, Mercury-Containing Waste, Extended Producer Responsibility
Source reduction and Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) are two main topics in the project. This project conducted a comprehensive review of municipal solid waste source reduction in Taiwan, and made recommendations for future promoting measures to continue the vision of “Lifestyle Changes for Non-Disposable Items,” based on the review outcome, with plastic shopping bags and single-use tableware as priority. The review analysis included reviewing various related national promoting measures, investigating the outcomes of plastic restriction policies implementation, establishing baseline data for the use of plastic single-use tableware and plastic shopping bag, and conducting public opinion poll for feedback. In addition, further studies and analysis on expanded polystyrene(EPS) single-use beverage cups and related regulations, cancellation of plastic bags thickness control regulation, promotion of polyvinylchloride(PVC) plastic items source control, and the organizing of higher education institutions single-use tableware reduction plans, were carried out. This is a continuation of the promoting work for the objectives of the current source reduction policy. In relation to the reduction of heavy metal containing, not only amendment of “Restrictions on the Manufacture, Import, and Sale of Dry Cell Batteries” (Draft) was put into practice, but also been enlarged the regulatory sector with additional regulation on heavy metal containing based on the international trend, and will be enforced over 3 stages following from the announcement of the amendment. This project also conducted sample testing of various types of batteries sold in the market. The results showed that most products could comply with the legal requirements. Thus, it is recommended to carry out source reduction work for mercury-added sphygmomanometers and packaging with heavy metals as priority for the next three years. Three EPR subtopics are studied in the project. First, the proposal, based on 2013 outcomes, for Eco-Friendly assessment guideline of electronic and electrical equipment is drafted to promote Product Design for the Environment (DFE). Second, in order to enhance waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) recycling, enlisting of light-emitting diode (LED) lighting source in short term and WEEE by categories as designated recycling item for recycling is recommended. Moreover, voluntary recycling scheme is promoted. To secure the successful operation of voluntary EPS recycling by EPS association, both documentation review and on-site visit are conducted during the project period. Moreover, the revised contract draft for voluntary EPS recycling is proposed that extends the voluntary support scope with detailed supervision. The 2013 recycling rate of mobile cellular phone is 18.9%. However, evaluations showed that the enlisting of mobile cellular phone into mandatory recycling item is not feasible in considerations of factors like industry responsibilities, public administration cost, recycling channels and incentives, and processing capacity. It is therefore not recommended as designated recycle item. Lastly, the first draft of the Voluntary Recycling Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation for wasted toner and ink cartridges, between retailers, producers, importers and the Government has been written in consultation with all of the stakeholders for further application.