計畫名稱:推動我國碳市場啟動及溫室氣體管理策略研析計畫

計畫編號:EPA-104-FA16-03-A215

計畫執行單位:財團法人環境資源研究發展基金會

計畫主持人:葉彥伯

計畫期程:104年04月22日起至104年12月31日止

 

摘 要

全球合計有39個國家及有23個次國家實施碳價機制(carbon pricing mechanism);全球合計約有70億噸CO2 (約占12%) 納入碳價機制。溫室氣體減量及管理法 (簡稱溫管法)已於2015年7月1日正式生效,讓我國實行「總量管制與交易制度」有了法源基礎。由於碳市場的啟動是落實碳交易制度成本有效性的核心機制,爰此,本計畫主要目的在於建立啟動碳交易市場及相關配套制度設計,作為我國未來實施「總量與交易制度」的基礎。

本計畫已完成的工作包括:(1)開展碳權整合管理機制,以啟動碳交易市場工作,包括:研析國際碳權管理平台之運作、研提「溫室氣體排放額度平台與帳戶管理辦法(草案)」、研析國際碳交易制度之設計、研提「溫室氣體排放交易管理辦法」(草案)、掌握我國碳權之供需;(2)在研提可行之產業碳減量管制策略方面,完成掌握國際電力業最佳可行性技術與效能標準或標竿值研訂方式,並提出我國發電機組之效能標準(草案);依據我國溫室氣體行業別(或製程別)排放分布,提出訂定效能標準可行方案;(3)在進行本土化減碳管理策略之經濟衝擊評估方面,完成建置適當之經濟衝擊評估方法、配合強制減量管制策略規劃進行模擬評估。

39 national and 23 subnational jurisdictions have put a price on carbon through ETSs and taxes. These carbon pricing instruments account for some 7 GtCO2e, about 12 percent of the annual global GHG emissions. With The Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act having come into force since July 1 2015, “Cap and Trade” system is expected to be implemented in the near future in Taiwan. Since the launch of the market is a core mechanism of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) for achieving cost effectiveness, the main purpose of this research is to design a set of policy tools to initiate the launch of carbon market and its supporting measures.

The accomplished tasks in this study include: 

(1) Developing credit managing mechanism prior to the work of launching carbon market, including: researching mechanisms of international credit registries, proposing Regulations for GHG Emissions Registry and Account Management (Draft), analyzing designs of international emission trading schemes, proposing Regulations for GHG Emissions Trading Management Methods (Draft), and comprehending supply and demand in the country; 

(2) On the aspect of proposing viable strategies of reducing industrial emissions, acquiring developing methods of the most viable technologies and performance standard or benchmark of international electricity sectors; In accordance with GHG emission distribution of Taiwan’s industrial sectors, proposing feasible options of concluding performance standard; 

(3) On the aspect of assessing economic impact of localizing reduction management strategy, completing the establishment of feasible methods of economic impact assessment, and simulating the assessment in accordance with mandatory reduction managing strategy.