計畫名稱:建構低碳臺灣策略–碳減量及交易整合先期規畫專案工作計畫 

計畫編號:EPA-104-FA07-03-D103 

計畫執行單位:財團法人環境資源研究發展基金會 

計畫主持人(包括協同主持人):曾國棟博士、王右仁博士 

計畫期程:104年7月27日起104年12月26日止 

摘要 

本計畫目標有二: 一、研擬評估我國各部門溫室氣體減量額度,二、建立我國溫室氣體減量及交易整合機制。 

在評估我國溫室氣體減量額度部分,本計畫首先釐清相關減量產業對應主管機關與國內溫室氣體認證及查驗管理制度,而後分析「溫室氣體減量及管理法」,包括其架構、政府權責分工、總量管制與核配之規定、以及與舊法間的接軌關係。 

另研析世界主要國家與我國已正式發佈之「國家自定預期貢獻」(Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, INDC)之異同,包含溫室氣體減量目標、減排範圍及排碳量測量方法等,並探討我國能源與工業部門的節能潛力、提出欲達成我國INDC可能面臨的挑戰。 

其後彙整了歷年節能減碳政策及法規演進、國家與產業溫室氣體盤查、登錄、查驗制度、排放量計算、碳足跡認證,以及國際永續發展與碳認證等制度。 

在建立我國溫室氣體減量及交易整合機制部分,本計畫首先分析歐盟碳市場現況,及其在施行過程中所面臨的問題和解決方式。另探討了碳交易之基本架構及總量管制與核配間之關聯性,並研析歐盟碳市場的交易價格與交易量變化。其後介紹了歐盟穩定碳市場價格波動的對策以作為我國未來建置碳市場的參考。最後探討我國碳交易市場與核配數量之連動性,並初擬了我國未來穩定碳市場價格之可行機制作為政府推動碳市場之施政參考。 「建構低碳臺灣策略–碳減量及交易整合先期規劃」專案工作計畫 

The project has two objectives: first, to assess the amount of greenhouse gas reduction potential for different emission departments; and the second, to establish the mechanism that integrates greenhouse gas reduction plans and the emission trading scheme. 

In assessing the amount of greenhouse gas reduction, this project first clarifies the relevant authorities responsible for various industries, followed by the introduction to greenhouse gas inventory and certification system. Then we analyze the INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) of Taiwan and other major countries for similarities and differences, including greenhouse gas reduction targets, the expected contribution, the scope of carbon emissions origins, and the means of measurements. Then we present the emission reduction potential for various emission departments of Taiwan as well as the challenges to achieve the goals of our INDC. Thereafter we archive the evolution of our carbon reduction policies and legislation, national and industrial greenhouse gas inventory, registration, and inspection systems, together with the introduction to the means of emission calculations, carbon footprint certification, and the ISCC - International Sustainability & Carbon Certification system. 

In establishing the mechanism that integrates greenhouse gas reduction plans and the emission trading scheme, first we discuss the relevance between emission reduction and emission allowance allocation, followed by a discussion of the deficiencies found in EU ETS as a lesson to be learned by our government. Then we studied the interplay between carbon price and trading volume of the EU emission trading scheme in order to clarify the influence of supply and demand on carbon price. Then we introduce the countermeasures to stabilize the fluctuations of EU carbon market price as a reference for our future market. 

Finally, we analyze the connection between emission allowance allocation and carbon price, and suggest a viable mechanism for the stability of the future carbon price in Taiwan as a government policy to promote the health of the carbon market.