中文計畫名稱:規劃推動永續物料管理制度專案工作計畫

英文計畫名稱:Sustainable Materials Management Strategic Planning and Promotion Project

計畫編號:EPA-103-HA14-03-A046

受託單位:財團法人環境資源研究發展基金會

計畫主持人:邱文琳

執行時間:103327日 ~1031231

中文摘要關鍵詞:永續物料管理、資源使用效率、整體資源循環資料庫及國家級指標與趨勢分析資訊展示系統

英文摘要關鍵詞:Sustainable Materials Management, Resource Productivity, SMM database and National indicator, trend analysis, and information display prototype system

中文摘要

本計畫主要工作包括以下四大項工作:

(一)      建立永續物料管理制度及績效評估指標

1.     基於以國家整體角度推動永續物料管理,本計畫鎖定「資源循環政策規劃」涉及之綠色議題,綠色設計及生產、綠色消費及貿易兩大策略,彙整國內目前制度推動情形,參考國際發展趨勢及永續物料管理關注重點,提出我國未來發展建議。整合102年成果及前項內容,經多次討論確認永續物料管理範疇,並釐清要達成永續物料管理我國目前缺乏的要項,進一步規劃主要推動策略及十年發展藍圖,並以藍圖之短期目標為基礎,規劃對應的目標、策略、措施、分工、及計畫推動之實施方式等,提出「資源使用效率提升推動計畫」(草案),作為後續年度跨部會討論之基礎文件。

2.     依據歐盟EW-MFA方法,彙整指標計算所需之數據,包括我國四大類物料統計數字(國內開採及進口),以及國內各種污染排放量(空、水、廢等)、再利用量等,計算我國7項物質流指標。並考量未來持續計算所需,將計算引用之資料範疇、項目及換算等於報告中列出。

(二)      規劃建置我國整體資源循環資料庫

1.     依據國家資源型產業關聯表所鏈結資訊類別,設計儲存環境以進行介接各部會資訊,以達到儲存歷史資訊、確保未來計算的一致性,以及保有因應不同統計的自動化設計彈性,本計畫整合範圍包括本署現有事業廢棄物管制中心資訊與主計總處、關務署、農委會、能源局與礦務局相關資訊。並建立資源資料層轉換方法學,含物料分類、部門分類等。

2.     規劃建置國家級指標與趨勢分析資訊展示系統雛型,以國家資源型產業關聯表為基礎,建立資訊展示系統雛型,提供使用者分析跨部會資源相關資訊之操作介面,包括原料、產業、廢棄資源與資源化再生物料等四模組。除一般統計分析外,設計情境模擬介面,以煤灰及爐碴兩項重點廢棄物進行物料連動網路分析示範,提供使用者了解其在未來產生使用/產出量變化時,對全國物料的連動影響,以展示未來可發展之資源追蹤系統與預測預警系統相關功能。

3.     參考並更新102年度建立之國家資源型產業關聯表,建立環境投入產出模型,除了可作前述國家級指標與趨勢分析資訊系統統計之用,亦可分析物料在供應鏈之流向,以及上下游產業之相互影響,發掘提升資源效率之可能性。並以資源表鑑別各產業的資源投入產出特性,以歸納資源表之多項分析應用,作為未來本計畫相關資料庫應用系統整合方向。此外,透過環境投入產出分析,進行物料與產業之關聯分析,由個別行業觀點、供應鏈觀點、跨供應鏈觀點,三個觀點綜合分析之階段成果。

4.     分年規劃104106年應建置之資料庫相關子系統或雛型系統,以符合「資源永續循環利用推動計畫」目標及功能需求。因應SMM目標為提升資源效率、降低環境衝擊的前提下,建立整體資料庫系統十年規劃,將系統分為指標趨勢系統、資源追蹤系統與預測預警系統以逐步建立,期以三大系統掌握現況,並得以找出改善我國物料使用方式之切入點。

(三)      調查關鍵物料使用效率及研析再利用品質規範

1.     完成40家關鍵物料再利用機構之調查作業,掌握其實際再利用運作,及配合4項評估指標計算各廠之物料使用效率,以瞭解廠商改善空間,並針對廠商之物料管理工作提出改善之建議(如物料請購與採購、物料之驗收、物料之鑑別與標示、不合格物料之處理、物料之料帳及盤存等)。

2.     另針對再利用機構於實務運作上未符合法規要求之缺失,亦提出改善建議,例如確認收受之事業廢棄物來源符合相關規定、.確實於廢棄物清理計畫書登載產出之廢棄物種類、確認廢鐵之清理方式及流向符合相關規定,以及依實際運作修正申報之再利用產品基本資料等。

3.     完成2項再生物料市場現況及品質規範建議報告書,架構內容包括前言、編撰目的、名詞定義、關鍵物料再利用運作現況(來源及產出製程、再生物料市場現況、再利用機構之再生料品質管理方式),以及再生物料品質規範之建議(資源化產品及其用料品質相關規定、再生物料品質控管機制之建議、其他相關規範)。

(四)      國際研討會與行政配合事項

1.     邀請五位國外政府官員來台,舉辦第三屆永續物料管理國際研討會及系列活動,開放國內產官學研、NGO團體及民眾等報名參與,期望透過一系列活動達成國際交流、國內宣導之功效。

2.     針對計畫產出之主要成果,於計畫執行初期訂定關鍵績效指標(KPI)以利計畫管考運用。

3.     配合招標文件之需求,公開招募駐署人員,並經環保署正式面試錄取,協助環保署處理有關本計畫相關之業務,加強推動效率。

 

英文摘要

There were four major tasks for the project:

1.     To establish the sustainable materials management (SMM) institution and performance indicator system.

(1)      To promote the SMM from the perspective of an integrated national strategy, the 2014 SMM project focuse on two main green themes in the National Cyclic Resources Strategic Planning. The green themes were the green design and production, and the green consumption and trade strategies. The work completed include: to collect information of the regulations and public policies related to the SMM, to articulate the significant international issues and trend to the domestic SMM planning, and to propose the strategic planning for future development. The results and suggestions of the 2013 SMM Planning project was reviewed and the management scope was acknowledged. The deficiencies in current SMM management measures and policies was discussed in detail noted.  In the final report, the project task force proposed the main SMM promotion strategies and the ten-year roadmap. Based on the short-term goals in the roadmap, the draft Resource Efficiency Promotion Plan was proposed, in which objectives, strategies, measures, coordination, and promotion practices were planned.  The proposal will be used as the basis for inter-departmental discussion in the future.

(2)      The data necessary for the calculation of performance indicators were collected based on the EU economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA) method. The data included four domestic material statistics (domestic extraction and import), domestic pollution emissions statistics (air, water, waste, etc.), and the amount of recycled materials. There were seven performance indicators calculated using the domestic material data. The final report detailed the scope, the items, and the conversion formulae for the calculation of the performance indicators.

2.     To plan and establish the national integrated cyclic resource database

(1)      Databases from several government agencies, including the industrial waste control center of the EPA, the Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, the Customs Administration, the Council of Agriculture, the Bureau of Energy, and the Bureau of Mines, were integrated into a cyclic resource data warehouse to support end user application systems.  A resource data transformation methodology was established for various material flow applications, including material classification and sectoral classification.  The data interchange specification was developed for automatic operation of periodic update of databases drawn from various external government agencies.

(2)      A national indicator, trend analysis, and information display prototype system was established, which contained the material, the industry, the waste resources, and the secondary material resources functional modules.  The system provides functions to analyze the inter-departmental resource information.  Users can use the system to analyze the material efficiency of different industrial sectors, and to detect obstacles in material flow.  In addition to statistical analysis, the system provides linked material network analysis and scenario simulation design.  The system uses coal ash and furnace slag to demonstrate the national linked material influence as the use/output interrelation changes.  The system can be applied as a decision-making supporting model, which functions the resource monitoring and the early warning system.  In addition, the prototype system demonstrates functions in data quality assurance and control using sample data from the Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, and the Bureau of Energy.

(3)      The project completed updating the 2013 national resources industry relational table, establishing environmental input/output model, and analyzing resources statistics.  The national resources industry relational table is the core of the database.  The main applications includes the general economic input/output model, the development of resource analysis tools, and the expansion of national resources industry relational table to provide information on resource management at the national and the industry levels.  The information is critical to analyze the material flow in supply chain and the interrelationship between the upstream and downstream industries, and used to increase resource efficiency.  The resource table can be used to identify the input/output characteristics of various industries, and to produce material flow analysis display and charts, and to be applied in web visualization.  Through the analysis of environmental input/output analysis, the interrelationship between materials and industries can be analyzed.  The final results was synthesize from three perspectives: the individual sectoral perspective, the supply chain perspective, and the inter-supply-chain perspective.  The material management opportunities and practical measures will be researched in more detail in the future.

(4)      The timetable for establishing application systems and prototypes were planned for each year from 2015 to 2017 to meet the objectives and functional requirements of the Cyclic Resource Use Promotion Project.  On the premises of maximizing resource efficiency and minimizing environmental impact, the ten-year planning of establishing the integrated database and system was divided into the indicator trend system, the resource tracking system, and the early warning forecast system.  The systems will be applied to understand the current resource status and to identify critical issues in improving resource efficiency.

3.     To complete researching resource efficiency for critical materials, and proposing recycling quality specifications.

(1)      There were forty recycling institutions interviewed for critical materials research. Through the interview, the recycling operation was documented and analyzed, and four resource efficiency performance indicators were calculated based on collected data. Improvement measures were suggested for individual institution regarding the material management operation, such as the material procurement, the material check upon acceptance, the identification and labeling of materials. The disposal of disqualified materials, and the accounting and inventorying of materials.

(2)      Improvement suggestions were provided regarding the non-conformance or deficiencies in meeting regulatory demands during recycling operation. The necessary improvements included the confirmation of the regulatory conformance of the industrial waste sources, the documentation of waste category in the waste clearing plan, the confirmation of the regulatory conformance of the clearing method and disposal output of scraps, and updating the recycling product basic information based on practical operation.

(3)      There were two secondary materials researched in details regarding the current market viability and the material quality specifications.  The contents of the research report include the definition of terms, the source and production process of secondary materials, the market viability of secondary materials, the quality management of secondary materials processed in the recycling institutions, and the quality specifications of secondary materials suggested by the project team. The suggested specifications included secondary materials to be used as resources and the quality specifications, the quality control mechanism, and other necessary regulations.

4.     The 3rd SMM international conference and administrative support

(1)      The 3rd SMM international conference and related activities were held in Taipei in October, 2014. There were five invited government representatives coming from different countries to participate in the conference. The conference was open to the all to participate, and the participants included representatives from the government agencies, the academics, the industries, the NGO’s, and the concerned public as well. The objectives of the conference were to exchange information and experiences with various international representatives and to promote the SMM approach and practices in Taiwan.

(2)      The key performance indicators were established in the early stage of the project operation to audit and evaluate the project results.

 

(3)      A stationed staff was recruited to meet the requirements of the RFP.  Candidates were interviewed by the EPA personnel and approved.  The responsibilities of the stationed staff were assigned by the EPA to assist the completion of the project.