中文計畫名稱:資源循環政策規劃專案工作計畫

英文計畫名稱:Resource Recycling Policy Planning

計畫編號:EPA-99-H102-02-160

計畫主持人(協同主持人):邱文琳(馬鴻文)

執行時間:99年12月29日 ~ 100年6月30日

中文摘要關鍵詞:永續物質管理、永續資源管理、資源生產力、總體經濟物質流帳

英文摘要關鍵詞:sustainable material management, sustainable resource management, resource productivity, Economy-wide Material Flow Accounts  

中文摘要 

  為使我國朝向循環型社會永續發展,本計畫以建立我國資源循環政策架構及施政為目的,並透過以下三大步驟加以分析,完成研擬「資源循環政策規劃(草案)」。

(一)國外政策法規及推動計畫

   蒐集彙整OECD、歐盟、日本及荷蘭推動永續物質管理的緣起、目標、推動架構/方式等內容,瞭解到廢棄物管理和永續物質管理(SMM)在管理範疇、管理目標及策略措施的基本差異,並提出值得我國參考、採納的內容。

(二)評估工具之案例說明

   針對國內外之物質流指標與政策管理標之優選方式做介紹,包括評估工具如何引導SMM相關政策法規之推動方向,並嘗試提出國內後續執行之初步建議。內容主要包括國家尺度總體物質流指標群、物質流動所造成之環境衝擊評估、從原料、產品與服務來進行生命週期物質管理等三個部份。

(三)資源循環政策規劃草案

    透過國內外永續物質管理/永續資源管理(SMM/SRM)相關資訊比較、分析,配合國內未來施政方向,提出具前瞻性之資源循環政策(草案):

 1.願景:資源循環利用、保存自然資本

 2.目標:資源效率最大化及環境衝擊最小化

 3.管理範疇:以資源(含廢棄物)為範疇,短期優先以已有統計數據的廢棄物、物質/產品為管理對象,長期應將自然資源納入。

 4.策略措施:本計畫引進產品生命週期思維,參酌先進國家資源永續管理作法,檢討國內政策法規及行動計畫(強制性)及配合國際相關規範(自願性),提出不同生命週期的實施策略如后:

    (1)原料取得\運用階段:建立資源管理機制、建構公共資源資料庫、增加資源可取得性及增加資源生產力。

    (2)產品設計\製造階段:減少使用(有害)物質、推動環境化設計、加強供應鏈管理及推廣綠色工廠。 

    (3)產品消費\使用階段:強化環保產品認證制度、鼓勵綠色採購及消費、發展綠色供銷網絡及推動綠色貿易。

    (4)舊品及廢品再利用/處置階段:提升源頭減量及回收再利用、研擬廢棄物終止認定準則、創新靜脈產業技術,並需協調不同環保介質管理方式。

英文摘要 

For promoting material-cycle and sustainable society, drafting a plan of Resource Recycling Policy for the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) is the main goal of this project. The major tasks carried out included compiling and analyzing policies, regulations and action plans related to sustainable material management and sustainable resources management (SMM/SRM) in developed countries; carried out case studies on relevance information system and assessment tools; and drafted a plan of Resource Recycling Policy for the Taiwan EPA. This project collected and compiled the rationales, goals, frameworks and measures for promotion and implementation of SMM/SRM in OECD, EU, Japan and Holland. We also compared the differences in terms of scopes, goals, strategies and measures of waste management and SMM in the above organizations and countries. For the case study, three case studies were carried out. The first case was the Economy-Wide Material Flow Accounting/Analysis (EW-MFA) indicator system which was found useful in monitoring overall input, output, and balance of material flow associated to the economy. The second case highlighted the environmental impacts of material consumption. The result also unveiled the opportunities in decoupling economic growth and resources depletion. The third case took the work had been done by US EPA which examined the SRM policy relevancies for a wide variety of raw materials, products, and services. The prioritized strategies under “life cycle material management” could refer to the rankings of raw materials, product and services. We further compared and analyzed the domestic and foreign SMM/SRM policies and provided a prospective draft plan of Resource Recycling Policy for the Taiwan EPA, including the scope, goal, strategies and measures:(1)Vision:Resource recycling and nature resources preservation; (2)Goals:Resource efficiency maximization and environmental impacts minimization; (2)Implementation scope:The waste, materials and products with statistics data available should be included in the short term implementation scope, while other natural resources should be included in long term implementation; (3)Strategies for different life cycle phases:(A) For the material obtaining and utilization phase: suggested fully understanding the supply and demands of resources, establishing resource management mechanism, increasing resource availability and resource productivity; (B) For the product designing and manufacturing phase: suggested focusing on reducing the usage of (hazardous) material, promoting environmentally friendly design, and strengthening supply chain management and promoting green factories; (C) For the product consumption and usage phase: suggested strengthening environmental products certification system, encouraging green purchase, developing green product supply channels, and promoting green trade; and (D) For the product/waste recycling and disposal phase: suggested promoting resource reduction and recycling, drafting criterion to identify the end of waste, innovating venous industrial technology and harmonizing different measures to manage various environmental media.