計畫名稱:100年評估新增公告回收項目及推動生產者自主回收計畫

計畫編號:EPA-100-H101-02-224

計畫執行單位:財團法人環境資源研究發展基金會

計畫主持人:邱文琳 博士

計畫期程:100年6月7日起至100年12月31日止

 

摘要

計畫主要工作包括推動廢行動通訊產品回收、評估新增電子電機產品廢棄物回收項目、監督輔導包裝用發泡塑膠自主回收情形,及辦理廢潤滑油解除列管配套措施。有關廢行動通訊產品回收,完成300間手機回收門市抽樣訪查,電訪民眾之廢手機棄置流向(共1,099份有效問卷),約41.6%手機不使用後係資源回收或轉贈、轉售,46.9%為擱置家中。新增電子電機產品廢棄物,完成回收五項產品細項評估,探討公告應回收、由業者自主回收或由執行機關回收等三種方式之可能問題及應注意事項,訪查10處清潔隊瞭解其回收情形,提出建議各項產品優先回收方式。在包裝用發泡塑膠回收部份,完成執行機關流向調查;8家次再生廠查核及稽核認證作業監督作業;完成估算包裝用發泡塑膠回收清除處理成本,回收清除處理費推估值為5.70元/公斤,補貼費率推估值為0.64元/公斤。協助辦理廢潤滑油解除列管部份,協助研擬「一般廢棄物-廢潤滑油再利用管理方式」及相關配套措施,規劃廢潤滑油解除列管後之管理方式、製作回收處理業轉型輔導說明手冊,並追蹤輔導回收處理業轉型進度,截至100年12月止,122家回收業已有54家取得廢棄物清除機構許可,16家處理業尚持續申請再利用資格或處理機構許可中。

 

英文摘要(Abstract)

  The major tasks carried out by this project included: Promote recycling of waste mobile communication products, specific E-waste, plastic foam packaging and exclusion of waste lubricants from the Due-Recycled Waste List. Regarding recycling of waste mobile communication products, we visited 300 stores of the MOU’s signees to make sure the daily operations matched the MOU requirements and to provide recommendations for further improvement. According to the cell phone waste disposal behavior survey of consumers (1,099 valid questionnaires), about 41.6% used mobile phone is recycled or resold and about 46.9% left at home. Some people were not aware of recycling or channels for recycling, which indicated that public awareness of cell phone recycling should be strengthened. For other E-waste recycling, we recommended priority methods for recycling five specific items, which included announcement of Due-Recycled Waste and producer physical responsibility announcement of recycling items for local authorities. In addition, this project developed three options for the announcement of recycling items for local authorities based on surveys of 10 clean squads. Regarding recycling of plastic foam packaging, we evaluated material flow of 265 clean squads and 15 local authorities for further improvement. In light of recycling plant supervision: eight recycling plants were visited.  Their certification and auditing process were be effective. If the plastic foam packaging announced as Due-Recycled Item, this project estimated the clearance and disposal cost of NTD 5.70 /kg and the subsidy of NTD 0.64 /kg. For the exclusion of waste lubricants from the Due-Recycled Waste List, the "general waste-waste lubricant recycling management", the guidance manual for recycling industry transformation and related measures were drafted. For understanding of the latest progress of recycling industry transformation, 54 collectors of 122 have obtained waste clearance licenses and 16 disposal organizations still in progress for applying the recycling or waste disposal permit.