99年度「廢棄物越境轉移國際因應及國內管理計畫」

中文摘要:

本計畫包括四大工作項目,各項工作之成果簡述如后:

(一)主辦第七屆亞洲太平洋島嶼固體廢棄物專家會議

 1.邀請馬來西亞、菲律賓、印尼、尼泊爾、越南、泰國、中國、香港、韓國、日本與美國等11國37位國外專家學者來台,含9位補助名額。

 2.完成辦理二場次專家會議、一場次專家研討會及四場次參訪行程。具體成果包括(1)提供國外爐渣再利用實務經驗與法規,(2)建立國內外廢棄物相關議題諮詢與合作管道,以及(3)提供國際合作之大型會議辦理經驗。

(二)廢棄物越境轉移政策運作及法規調整建議

 1.巴塞爾公約專家小組成立與運作:(1)於6月24日完成第一次專家小組會議,出席人數為12人。議題包括:巴塞爾公約第七次開放式工作組會議(OEWG 7)出國報告、第七屆亞洲太平洋島嶼固體廢棄物專家會議(SWAPI)籌備規劃。(2)於12月23日完成第二次專家小組會議,出席人數為9人。議題包括:第五屆固體廢棄物管理與技術國際會議出國報告及第七屆亞洲及太平洋島嶼固體廢棄物專家會議成果報告、100年度永續物質管理國際研討會議規劃及廢棄物輸出入管制清單草案說明。(3)此外針對專家小組成員提供10次資訊散發或意見徵詢,包括:南韓2009年資源循環政策及第七屆亞洲及太平洋島嶼固體廢棄物專家會議籌備進展等。

 2.國內廢棄物越境轉移法規配套措施:(1)已針對廢棄物清理法越境轉移條文之廢棄物輸入輸出過境轉口管理辦法、廢棄物輸出入管理種類及事項公告及廢棄物輸入輸出許可審查作業要點研擬草案提出期程、緩衝期及修正架構。(2)另依據廢清法修正草案第三十八條之一之禁止輸入、禁止輸出要件確立審查準則。(3)提出因應廢清法修正之廢棄物輸入管理規劃:包括輸入流程、輸入申請文件要求、主管機關審查規劃及海關協助事項等並提出廢棄物輸入管理規劃。

 3.協助廢棄物輸出入管理相關事宜:包括查詢中國限制進口廢物審批表、中國境外供貨企業名單及協助廢棄物疑義判定(氧化銅、銅箔基板、電弧爐煉鋼灰、測試樣品)、國外法規釐清及提供貿易便捷化整合建議。

(三)巴塞爾公約與亞太區域參與

 1.巴塞爾公約層級

  (1)完成電腦設備夥伴計畫(Partnership for Action on Computing Equipment, PACE)成立背景、大事紀、執行規劃、運作方式、簡介、主要內容(臨時工作組及四個分組,含對我國建議)、參與方式及取得廢棄物相關文件。前述夥伴計畫包括一個臨時工作組「文獻回顧及基本原則確立」及四個工作組-「舊電腦設備修復再使用」、「廢電腦設備再利用」及「體制外廠商回收及管理廢電腦設備」及「意識提升及教育訓練」(包括「宣導資料研擬」及「舊廢電腦設備越境轉移」二個子計畫)。

  (2)完成出席巴塞爾公約第七次開放式工作組會議之與會及出國報告。

 2.亞太區域層級:完成第一屆亞太區域電子廢棄物國際會議(澳洲布里斯本,7月21日)及第五屆固體廢棄物管理與技術研討會(中國北京,12月15-17日)之與會及出國報告。

(四)資訊蒐集宣導

 1.蒐集摘譯巴塞爾公約國際新聞、報導及論文:自99年3月19日至99年12月20日止,有關巴塞爾公約及廢棄物處理與管制之新聞、報告,共發出61則,含10篇論文。

 2.維護更新專屬中英文資訊網站:已建立網頁更新制度標準化,每次更新均依據此標準去執行更新維護網站;新版巴塞爾公約網站已經改版更新完成,配合計畫執行,已更新網站18次。

 

英文摘要:

The four major achievements of this project conclude as follows:

 1. Hosting the 7th Expert Conference on Solid Waste Management in Asia and Pacific Islands (SWAPI) 

  (1)Thirty seven experts from eleven countries, including China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, the United States, and Vietnam, participated in the 7th SWAPI in Taipei, with nine of the experts fully subsidized.

  (2) The 7th SWAPI conference included two expert meetings, one seminar, and four technical tours. The achievements of the 7th SWAPI conference included: (a) the exchange of practical experiences and regulations of recycling incinerator ash, (b) the establishment of the consultation and information exchange channels on the waste management issues in the Asia-Pacific region, and (c) providing valuable lessons for the future international cooperation.

 2. Domestic Implementation of Transboundary movement(TBM)of the Waste 

  (1) The establishment and operation of the Basel Convention Expert Committee in 2010: (a) holding two meetings to discuss issues such as the OEWG7, the E-WASTE 2010, the 5th ICWMT reports, (b) hosting the 7th SWAPI conference in Taipei, and (c) drafting the domestic TBM waste regulations.

  (2) Providing legal advises on the regulations regarding the TBM of the waste to the EPA, including: (a) a buffer period for the regulation implementation, and a revised framework for the waste import/export TBM regulations, for the waste TBM list, and for the review process of the waste TBM permit, (b) the review criteria for the banned import/export materials, according to the 38th article of the revised Waste Disposal Act, and (c) a detailed plan for implementing the revised Waste Disposal Act, such as the waste import procedure, the required import documents, the review process by the competent authority, and necessary assistance to the customs.

  (3) Assisting the EPA in managing the waste TBM and related issues, including inquiring the Chinese regulatory information, the identification of specific wastes such as the Copper(II) oxide, the Copper Clad Laminate (CCL)、the Electric Arc Furnace Flue Dust and so on.

 3. International Participation at the global level

  (1)At the global level: (a) a summarization of the background, the milestones, the implementations, the main content, the documents and the participation in the Partnership for Action on Computing Equipment(PACE), (b) the inclusion in the PACE one ad-interim project group on Environmentally Sound Management Criteria, and four project groups on refurbishment, recycling and TBM of used computing equipment, and (c) attending the Seventh session of the Open-ended Working Group of the Basel Convention(OEWG7).

  (2) At the regional level: participating and completing full reports on two Asia-Pacific waste conferences, the E-waste 2010 - South Pacific Region E-waste workshop in Brisbane, Australia, and the 5th International Conference on Waste Management and Technologies in Beijing, China.

 4. The Collection and promotion of the Basel Convention related information

  (1)The evaluation of 61 news, articles, reports and papers related to the Basel Convention, the E-waste and the TBM of waste.

  (2) The maintenance and updates of the Basel Convention information website, including the Chinese and English versions (http://wm.epa.gov.tw/web/index.htm).