In response to serious issues on global warming and climate change, the promotion of reducing domestic carbon emission becomes more imperative, which includes decreasing carbon emission from tourists. The goals of this project are to collect different foreign cases devoted to reducing carbon emissions, to establish low-carbon tourism indicators suitable for Taiwan’s conditions, and to select two islands, the Green Island and the Liu Chiu Island, as model examples, proposing specific planning strategies in order to transfer the islands into “low-carbon tourism islands”. Detailed work methods and results are as follow:
1. By reviewing literatures on green infrastructures, green tourism management and tourists behaviors, the project integrated applicable concepts, strategies, techniques and information into the follow-up planning.
2. In order to understand the present situation as well as potentiality of low-carbon tourism development in Taiwan, our team conducted fieldwork in the Green Island and the Liu Chiu Island. As a result, five key items were identified as the basis of promoting low-carbon tourism into action, including green infrastructures, management mechanism of tourism, environmental education and training, ecotourism promotion and building of local partnership.
3. The establishment of the low-carbon tourism indicators depended on several second-hand data and the outcome of questionnaires analysis. After three revisions, ten indicators were drawn up, containing renewable energy, energy saving, green transportation, green building, environment greening, recycling, low-carbon living, resources management, education and training, and the last one, partnership.
4. According to the indicators mentioned above and the experiences from reviewing cases, the project proposed the Green Island and the Liu Chiu Island more specific planning on development strategies, division of implementation and future working processes.
Finally, we recommended the follow-up projects to be implemented based on the experiences to improve future planning, and to make the indicators more quantifiable and credible. We expected in addition to the Green Island and the Liu Chiu Island, other potential areas in Taiwan will benefit from the advancement of low-carbon tourism. As the central/local government and numerous ministries, institutes, non-government organizations were concerned with promoting policies, we further suggested that both government and the public should cooperate harmoniously, and reach a consensus of integrating holistic information and resources, and should continuously keep high attention on significant issues and development targets.