基金會工作人員
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拜拜網

 

中文摘要:

  本計畫主要目的為持續輔導醫療廢棄物源頭減廢及評估感染性廢棄物處理技術發展趨勢。本計畫追蹤調查全國醫療廢棄物處理機構營運資訊,成果包括各機構市場佔有率、營業地區分布、清理費用、清理技術評析、相互支援機制、以及處理機構營運異常情形。在汞污染議題方面,完成了世界各國醫院無汞化推動資料的蒐集彙整,辦理10家醫院含汞廢棄物之現場輔導,研擬我國推動醫院無汞化及醫療廢棄物汞污染減廢方案,並辦理3場次的產官學諮詢會議。在感染性廢棄物處理新技術部分,蒐集彙整國際間發展趨勢、各地區感染性醫療廢棄物處理現況、處理機構運作情形及各種處理技術應用情形,並辦理了1場次感染性廢棄物處理及再利用技術國際研討會。在國內部分則完成10座次國內醫療廢棄物滅菌處理設施效能測試及2家供應商產品的調查評估,並完成評估新方法及處理設施設置作業指引。在流行疫情廢棄物應變處理部分,完成蒐集彙整世界各國應變處理方法、規範與處理實績,並辦理了1場次的「禽流感廢棄物防疫作業程序」座談會及2場次焚化廠流行疫情廢棄物清理演習,成果包括演習過程的多媒體紀錄、演習成果報告、以及我國流行疫情廢棄物應變處理作業準則。本計畫其它的工作成果包括每月更新的「醫療廢棄物管理資訊網」內容,300份介紹我國醫療廢棄物管理措施與施政績效的中英文書面及簡報版,以及許多相關會議,包括1場次「我國推動PVC醫療廢棄物減量之環境建構」座談會、2場次醫療廢棄物法規政策宣導會,醫療廢棄物政策法規之產官學界專家意見及因應對策。

 

英文摘要:

This project was to provide a continuous guidance on how to source reduction of medical waste and to evaluate the trend of technological development in the treatment of medical waste. We investigated medical waste treatment organizations in Taiwan, including market share, business areas, costs of clearance and treatment, treatment technologies analysis, cooperation relationship, and unusual condition. Another important part of this project is that after we collected information about the mercury-free hospitals all over the world, we completed drafting a plan to encourage Taiwan’s hospitals to be completely mercury-free or to reduce mercury pollution in the treatment of medical waste, and held three consultations with experts among industry, government and academic. Besides, we also held on-site consultation in ten hospitals. Concerning new techniques for the treatment of infectious waste, we have collected international trends in infectious waste treatment technology, investigated the infectious waste treatment condition in regions of the world and analyzed the operation of treatment organizations and the application of treatment technologies. We have held an international conference on the treatment and utilization techniques of infectious waste. We have evaluated the sterilization efficacy for ten medical waste autoclaves and infectious waste autoclaves of two manufacturers, and have completed the guideline for evaluation of installing the new facilities of medical waste treatment technologies. In the influenza waste of emergency measures, we collected emergency measures, regulations and treatment experience in the world, and held a symposium on the procedure of treating waste caused by avian influenza and two exercises in such treatment in incinerators. We made multimedia for exercise process, wrote the performance reports and drafted the guideline of the influenza waste treatment emergency measures in Taiwan. This project also offered information by monthly updating the information of EPA’s medical waste management website, compiled 300 copies of a Chinese-English handbook and powerpoint version introducing medical waste management and policy achievements of Taiwan, held a symposium on the establishment of a nation-wide environment for reduction PVC medical waste and two meetings of medical waste regulations and policy, and collected opinions of the medical waste policy by experts among industry, government and academic and made related strategies.