摘要

  本計畫包括以下五項工作項目:(一)推動電機電子設備納入生產者延伸責任回收制度:包括國內回收通路研析、國內外公告回收推動回顧、提出挑選優先推動回收項目方法、項目及建議執行方式。(二)協助落實環保署與15家行動通訊業者簽署之「廢行動通訊產品回收合作備忘錄」:包括國內外資料更新、業者輔導與成果彙整,以及建置專屬網站。(三)推動廢包裝用發泡塑膠回收:完成蒐集國外資料、協助環保署與民間責任業者簽訂契約、輔導及監督查核民間業者自辦回收清除處理稽核認證作業、公告廢包裝用發泡塑膠為應回收廢棄物評估事項。(四)廢棄物減量、資源回收之績效指標:在國內垃圾及OECD都市廢棄物統計名詞定義與範疇相近的狀況,進行指標之跨國比較。(五)推動我國產品類別整合性產品政策:1.蒐集並分析先進國家之整合性產品政策(IPP)、耗能產品環境友善化設計指令(EuP)及危害物質限用指令(RoHS)等最新政策、實施方法與執行最新資訊。2.評析國外環保指令於我國之應用性,依廢棄資源循環促進法草案之產品環境友善化設計條文,研擬「產品環境化設計管理計畫(草案)」。

 

英文摘要(Abstract)

The major achievements of this project consisted of five main parts in this report as follows.

  1. For promoting the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) recycling system for the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment(WEEE)in Taiwan, we analyzed domestic material flow of the WEEE and reviewed the similar process inland and aboard. We developed the methodology for prioritizing the WEEE items which should be included into the Extended Producer Responsibility recycling system first. Finally, the selected items and the implementation ways were suggested.
  2. We assisted to carry out the signed voluntary “Memorandum on Cooperation in Recycling of Waste Mobile Communications Equipment” between the EPA and the 15 mobile telecommunication industry representatives, including information update, industry guidance and results compiling and an exclusive web-site establishment.
  3. For promoting the recycling of Expanded Polystyrene(EPS)package, we compiled recycling information overseas, helped accomplishing the signing of a contract between the EPA and the EPS producers, assisted auditing process and assessed EPS package as the Due Recycled Waste according to the Waste Disposal Act in Taiwan.
  4. The comparison of municipal waste indicators between the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)countries and Taiwan based on similar definitions and scope has been made in this project.
  5. Promoting the concept of “Integrated Product Policy” for Electrical and Electronic Equipment(EEE)products: First of all, we compiled the implementation measures and latest information of the Integrated Product Policy (IPP), the directive of Energy-using Products (EuP) and the directive of Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS) in EU and other developed countries. Then, we analyzed the mentioned IPP-related policy and regulations for domestic applications. Besides, we drafted the management plan for the “design for environment(DfE)” according to the DfE article of the draft Act for Promotion Cycle of Waste Resources.