財團法人環境資源研究發展基金會 Institute of Environment and Resources - 民俗活動及農廢露天燃燒減燒宣導計畫

中文摘要:

  本計畫主要為協助環保署推動民俗活動與農業廢棄物露天燃燒減燒工作,工作內容包括(1)祭祀產品業者清冊建立、(2)縣市管制工作彙整與減量成效評估、(3)環保寺廟標章規劃、(4)露天燃燒減燒資訊平台建置及宣導活動舉辦、以及(5)規劃短、中、長期宣導策略與整合性管理方案。本年度計畫成果包括:

  1. 完成9,801家祭祀產品製造、輸入、販賣業者基礎資料蒐集及民眾使用情形調查,結果顯示國人祭祀焚香及紙錢之比例分別為77%及62%。
  2. 在統計縣市執行成果部分,93至97年紙錢集中焚燒量成長3.2倍,98年累積紙錢集中量為5,300公噸。
  3. 民眾對於縣市執行減燒工作之調查結果,認知程度介於9.2至33.1%,滿意度依序為以功代金、減少焚燒份量與集中焚燒推動。
  4. 檢測結果拜香及紙錢之PAHs排放係數分別為35.0及59.7 mg/kg,相關調查結果據以研擬整合性祭拜污染減量管理措施。
  5. 完成4場次200位寺廟代表之祭祀污染減量宣導會、4場次200位農會代表之稻草露燃改善宣導會、及2場次北、中、南、東大型寺廟參與之區域宗教環保座談會。
  6. 辦理寺廟與農村減燒輔導並建立輔導樣版。
  7. 製作5,000份宣導手冊及30份光碟,辦理春節、元宵、清明節共275次廣播減燒宣傳,結合祭祀污染與農廢減燒資訊建立露天燃燒減燒資訊平台,並完成規劃清新寺廟標章與推廣活動。
  8. 規劃短期減少焚燒、中期採替代方案與長期不燒之污染減量宣導目標、策略與方案,透過上述工作持續擴大露天燃燒減燒工作推動之成效。

 

英文摘要:

This project targets to assist EPA in reducing outdoor burning of folk worship activity and agriculture waste. Major tasks accomplished are: 1. To establish the baseline data of folk activity products, including its manufacture, import, sale, and use. 2. To summarize the achievement of pollution reduction of folk worship activity in every county and city. 3. To plan environmental temple certify system and to provide alternatives of folk worship activity. 4. To establish a platform for information exchange of open burning and host promotion activity. 5. To propose short, mid and long term promotion plans and integral management for EPA’s policy on reducing outdoor burning. The outcomes of this project are summarized as below:

  1. The basic information of 9,801 companies in manufacture, import or sale of worship paper money, incense, and firecracker is collected. A poll study concludes that there is 77% used of joss paper and 62% used of incense.
  2. The amount of worship joss paper collected increased 3.2 times from 2004 to 2008. In 2009, the accumulated amount of worship joss paper collected is 5,300 ton. 
  3. The poll study that people’s recognition on government’s effort in reducing open burning pollution is between 9.2 to 33.1%. People’s preference in worship alternatives are replacing joss paper with donation, less burning of joss paper, and collecting to incinerator in sequence. 
  4. The emission factors for the PAH’s are 35.0mg/kg for burning incense and 59.7 mg/kg for burning joss paper. The information were used to formulate integrated management measures in reducing pollution of folk worship activities. 
  5. Four workshops of 200-delegates participated for reducing pollution from worship were hosted. Four workshops of 200-delegates participated for improving pollution from rice straw burning were hosted. Two meetings of large-scale temple from north, mid, south, and east region for religion and environmental dialogue were hosted. 
  6. Model for temples with reducing worship burning and farm villages with reducing outdoor burning were demonstrated.
  7. 5,000 of reducing outdoor burning pamphlets and 30 DVDs were made, and the contents of reducing pollution from worship were also broadcasted at 275 times on Chinese New Year's Day, Lantern Festival and Ancestors Day. A platform with information in reducing pollution from folk’s activities and open burning of agriculture waste was established. A clean temple certify system and the relevant promotion plans were proposed.
  8. The short, mid and long term objectives, strategies and promotion plans are less burning of joss paper, replacing joss paper with alternative plan and no burning. Based on the above works, the effectiveness of reducing open burning implement was expand.