中文摘要

本計畫分為以下三項工作。

(一)推動我國產品類別之環境友善化設計:

1.蒐集並分析先進國家之整合性產品政策(IPP)、耗能產品環境友善化設計指令(EuP)及危害物質限用指令(RoHS)等最新政策、實施方法與執行最新資訊。

2.提出我國產品環境友善化設計準則草案及建議我國RoHS或其他有關產品環境友善化設計之管制或管理計畫,並建議國內各部會應儘速完成有關前述事項之分工。

(二)推動管制性或自願性之押金及(或)重複填充計畫:

1.持續更新國外飲品相關之押金及重複填充資訊,含美國各州、加拿大各省及日本之推動狀況、歐美業者反對意見,及國內外生命週期分析。

2.持續掌握我國15類飲品容器使用及重複填充運作情形,並依國內重複填充個案業者之啤酒容器資訊進行簡要之生命週期分析(LCA)研究。

3.依環保署決議持續增修「飲品玻璃容器重複填充促進方案」(草案),並研提方案成效評估所需之績效指標。

(三)推動延長生產者責任資源回收制度: 

1.就環保署96年度調查地方清潔隊回收後去化困難之資源回收物,選定大型家電、小型家電、影音設備及資通設備共4類,規劃納入生產者延伸責任回收制度。新增公告前述廢電子電機設備(WEEE)之準備工作包括釐清產品範疇定義、界定責任業者、依營業量推估報廢量、評估對主要利害相關者之衝擊及與主要利害相關者六場次之諮詢會議。 

2.協助環保署完成與行動通訊業者簽署自願性之產品回收合作備忘錄「廢行動通訊產品回收合作備忘錄」。 

3.蒐集國內外有關都市廢棄物之績效指標及其計算方式,以利跨國比較。

 

英文摘要

The purposes of this project consist of three parts in this report as follows.

1. Promoting the concept of “Design for Environment” for Electrical and Electronic Equipment(EEE)products:

(1) First of all, we compiled the implementation measures and latest information of the Integrated Product Policy (IPP), the directive of Energy-using Products (EuP) and the directive of Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS) in the EU countries. 

(2) Then, we drafted the regulations and measures for the “design for environment” and the RoHS for Taiwan. We also suggested further consultations on collaboration among different ministries at the central government level should be finalized as soon as possible. Besides, the regulations under the current legislation should be limited.

2. Drafting the proposal for waste reduction regulations or a voluntary program proposal on beverage containers by introducing the deposit or refilling systems:

(1)We updated the information related to the deposit or refilling systems of beverage containers in the US and Canada. We also collected the comments on those systems from industry and the relevant life cycle analysis (LCA).

(2)The information on the usage and refilling of 15 types of beverage containers in Taiwan has been updated. We also performed a simplified LCA case study on the local beer container refillers.

(3)Revision on the draft refilling program of beverage glass containers according to the EPA’s decision has been made. In addition, we suggested performance indicators.

3. Promoting the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) recycling system in Taiwan:

(1)According to the research conducted by the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) in 2007, some local governments have encountered difficulty in recycling with the collected wastes. Therefore, we selected four EEE products from the waste types to be included into the Extended Producer Responsibility recycling system, such as large household appliances, small household appliances, consumer as well as Information Technology (IT)equipments and telecommunication equipments. We accomplished the preparation for the government announcement of the earlier mentioned Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), including scoping clarification, producer identification, volume estimation, stakeholders impact evaluation. We also held six consultation meetings between Taiwan EPA and main stakeholders.

(2) Furthermore, we helped accomplishing the signing of a voluntary “Memorandum on Cooperation in Recycling of Waste Mobile Communications Equipment” between EPA and mobile telecommunication industry including producers and telecom operators.

(3) Finally, the comparison of municipal waste indicators between Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)countries and Taiwan based on similar definitions and scope has been made in this project for further discussion.